Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

identity, physical and chemical properties, analytical methods by E. Menichini

Publisher: Istituto superiore di sanità in Roma

Written in English
Published: Pages: 48 Downloads: 791
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Subjects:

  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons -- Analysis.

Edition Notes

StatementEdoardo Menichini.
SeriesISTISAN,, 94/5, Rapporti ISTISAN ;, 94/5.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQD341.H9 M512 1994
The Physical Object
Pagination48 p. :
Number of Pages48
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL752571M
LC Control Number97147320

In book: Encyclopedia of Ecology, Edition: Volume 4, Chapter: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Publisher: Oxford: Elsevier, Editors: Sven Erik Jørgensen and Brian D. Fath, pp Author: James Meador. (source: Nielsen Book Data) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have found applications in a variety of industries including dyes, drugs, semiconductors, fluorescent reagents, chemiluminescent reagents, and as polychromatic and antistatic additives for plastics. This up-to-date, single volume reference source brings together all essential. Read "Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Their Global Atmospheric Emissions, Transport, and Lung Cancer Risk" by Huizhong Shen available from Rakuten Kobo. This thesis presents a comprehensive analysis of the global health impacts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Brand: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are a group of compounds formed when organic compounds such as wood, coal, refuse every bit good as nutrients are incompletely combusted. These compounds have been found to be possible carcinogenic compounds even in low concentrations every bit good as one of the environmental pollutants and are besides present in some nutrient classs.

Nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (nPAHs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants, which exhibits higher toxicity than their corresponding parent PAHs (pPAHs).Recent studies demonstrated that the nPAHs could represent major soil pollution, however the remediation of nPAHs has been rarely this study, biological, physical, and chemical methods have been applied to remove 1. Book Description. This book describes the sources of water contamination by PAHs and their transportation and fate in natural aquatic systems. It then discusses, from the analytical chemist’s view, how to determine the presence of PAHs in water and wastewater, and the changes in PAH concentration during treatment processes. adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86A. This text is a timely and welcome addition to the ever-growing literature on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) chemistry and an essential addition to the chemist's library. It is the most comprehensive and complete account of the synthesis and chemical properties of polyarenes to date.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by E. Menichini Download PDF EPUB FB2

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, many of which are potent human carcinogens, occur widely in the environment as a result of incomplete combustion of organic matter. This volume was the first to review the chemical properties of these carcinogens and to Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons book their carcinogenic activity to their metabolic by-products within the by: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have found applications in a variety of industries including dyes, drugs, semiconductors, fluorescent reagents, chemiluminescent reagents, and as polychromatic and antistatic additives for plastics.

This up-to-date, single volume reference source brings together all essential information on the physical Cited by: Polycyclic hydrocarbons are of interest in many fields of science: theoretical chemistry, physical chemistry, organic chemistry, dyestuff chemistry and biology.

With regard to the latter, I am indebted to Dr. Regina Schoental of the Medical Research Council for the review in this present work ofBrand: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were measured in environmental samples (sponges, fish and sediment) collected in and from the Faroe-Shetland Channel and Rosemary Bank Seamount.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have found applications in a variety of industries including dyes, drugs, semiconductors, fluorescent reagents, chemiluminescent reagents, and as polychromatic and antistatic additives for plastics.

This up-to-date, single volume reference source brings together all essential information on the physical and spectral properties, methods of synthesis, and.

This book reviews Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Nitropolycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (NPAHs) contamination in the context of environmental pollution in. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are class of chemicals that can exist in more than different combinations and are among the most ubiquitous pollutants in the natural environment.

Many PAHs are considerably toxic to aquatic species, such as pyrene, which exhibits considerable toxicity even at low levels of exposure.

Furthermore, some are even carcinogenic, such as benzo[a]pyrene. Polycyclic Hydrocarbons and Cancer, Volume 3 explores the link between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and cancer based on research in the fields of chemistry, biology, and the medical and social sciences.

Handbook Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. You Searched For: Condition: NEW. This listing is a new book, a title currently in-print which we order directly and immediately from the publisher. For all enquiries, please contact Herb Tandree Philosophy Books directly - customer service is our primary goal.

A Toxicological Profile for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons was released in December This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile.

Toxicological profiles are revised and republished as necessary, but no less than once every three years. For information regarding the update status of previously released profiles.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a large group of organic compounds with two or more fused aromatic rings. They have a relatively low solubility in water, but are highly lipophilic.

Most of the PAHs with low vapour pressure in the air are adsorbed on particles. When dissolved in water or adsorbed on particulate matter, PAHs can undergo photodecomposition when exposed to ultraviolet Cited by: @article{osti_, title = {Handbook of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons}, author = {Bjoerseth, A.}, abstractNote = {Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) constitute one of the largest classes of carcinogens in the environment and arise mainly from the combustion of fossil or synthetic fuels or organic compounds.

PAH are also subject to considerable aerial transport and are thus. The most common subclass of POM is the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These compounds contain only carbon and hydrogen.

PAHs are a large group of organic compounds with two or more fused aromatic (benzene) rings. Low-molecular-weight PAHs (two and three rings) occur in the atmosphere predominantly in the vapour phase, whereas multi Cited by: Read chapter 3 ATMOSPHERIC TRANSFORMATIONS OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Evaluation of Sources and Effects.

Full Description: "Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, many of which have been identified as potent human carcinogens, occur widely in the environment as a result of incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and other organic matter.

Major sources of emissions are wood and coal burning, automobiles, heat and power plants, and refuse burning. This volume reviews the chemistry of polycyclic aromatic. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of chemicals that occur naturally in coal, crude oil, and gasoline.

They also are produced when coal, oil, gas, wood, garbage, and tobacco are burned. PAHs generated from these sources can bind to or form small particles in the air. High-temperature cooking will form PAHs in meat and in other. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons a Constituent of Petroleum: Presence and Influence in the Aquatic Environment.

By Daniela M. Pampanin and Magne O. Sydnes. Submitted: November 10th Reviewed: April 20th Published: January 16th DOI: /Cited by:   Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of more than chemicals that are also called polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of organic compounds consisting of two or more fused aromatic rings. PAHs originate mainly from anthropogenic processes, particularly from incomplete combustion of organic fuels.

PAHs are distributed widely in the by: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of chemicals that occur naturally in coal, crude oil, and gasoline. They also are produced when coal, oil, gas, wood, garbage, and tobacco are burned.

PAHs generated from these sources can bind to or form small particles in the Size: KB. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of over different chemicals that are formed during the incomplete burning of coal, oil and gas, garbage, or other organic substances like tobacco or charbroiled meat.

PAHs are usually found as a mixture containing two or more of. Read chapter 6 POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN FOOD AND WATER AND THEIR METABOLISM BY HUMAN TISSUES: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Evaluation of S.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of more than chemicals that are also called polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. PAHs are released from burning coal, oil, gasoline, trash, tobacco, and wood.

High-temperature cooking, such as grilling, will form PAHs in meat and other foods. Manufactured PAHs may be used in medicines and. Get this from a library.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: chemistry and carcinogenicity. [Ronald G Harvey] -- Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, many of which have been identified as potent human carcinogens, occur widely in the environment as a result of incomplete combustion of.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of environmental contaminants that has long been of interest in the fields of organic chemistry, theoretical chemistry, physical chemistry, environmental science, toxicology, cancer research, and energy sciences.

Concerning environmental science and cancer research, majority of the research Cited by: Some Non-heterocyclic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Some Related Exposures 1.

Exposure Data 2. Studies of Cancer in Humans 3. Studies of Cancer in Experimental Animals 4. Other Data Relevant to an Evaluation of Carcinogenicity and its Mechanisms 5.

Summary of Data Reported and Evaluation Appendix. Chapter Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) General description Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a large group of organic compounds with two or more fused aromatic rings. They have a relatively low solubility in water, but are highly lipophilic.

Most of the PAHs with low vapour pressure in the air are adsorbed on Size: KB. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are molecules with two or more simple aromatic rings fused together by sharing two neighboring carbon atoms.

Examples are naphthalene, anthracene and phenanthrene. Substituted aromatics. Many chemical compounds are aromatic rings with other things attached. Examples include trinitrotoluene (TNT), acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), paracetamol, and the nucleotides.

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), also known as poly-aromatic hydrocarbons or polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, are seen in. PAHs are potent atmospheric pollutants that consist of fused aromatic rings and do not contain heteroatoms or carry substituents.

Naphthalene is the simplest example of a PAH. Some common aromatic hydrocarbons consist of fused benzene rings—rings that share a common side. These compounds are called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).

The three examples shown here are colorless, crystalline solids generally obtained from coal tar. Naphthalene has a pungent odor and is used in mothballs. Anthracene is used in. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xii, pages: illustrations ; 22 cm. Contents: Analysis of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by gas chromatography / C.M.

White --Chromatographic detectors used for the determination of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons / B.A. Tomkins --Analysis of nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (Nitro-PAH) [email protected]{osti_, title = {Spectral atlas of polycyclic aromatic compounds}, author = {Karcher, W.

and Fordham, R.J. and Dubois, J.J. and Glaude, P.G.J.M. and Ligthart, J.A.M.}, abstractNote = {This extraordinary reference source presents a collection of the molecular spectra of a selected set of PAH and heterocyclic compounds.

Since many of these compounds are known to be carcinogenic.The present survey comprises today‘s knowledge of environmental pollution in particular of the atmosphere by PAH and of the biological effects of this class of substance, putting special emphasis on their carcinogenic activity.

The research data and conclusions derived therefrom are meant to assis.